A Number of Historic Huts from the Heroic era
of Antarctic exploration within the Ross Sea region are maintained by the Antarctic
Heritage Trust. The name of each hut is derived from the name of the ship used
on that expedition.
The best known is probably Scott's "Terra
Nova" Hut at Cape Evans (1911 to 1913), from where the failed South Pole
expedition departed. This photo shows the active volcano Mt Erebus dominating
the landscapes of Ross Island.
Shackleton's Cape Royds hut, used during the
1907-1909 "Nimrod" expedition, also has a wealth of hardware, food
and other belongings left behind when the Nimrod relieved the expedition.
Notice the wheel from the vehicle which Shackleton attempted (unsuccessfully)
to use for sledge hauling. Shackleton got to within 97 miles of the south
Pole before turning back in the knowledge that there were insufficient supplies
to sustain his party for the journey. He did however achieve the first ascent
of Mt Erebus and a team from this expedition (Mawson, David and Mackay) reached
the South Magnetic Pole.
At Cape Adare at the mouth of the Ross Sea (See
Map) there is a group of huts from Borchgrevink's 1898-1900 "Southern
Cross" expedition. This was the first party to overwinter on the Antarctic
continent. The image above shows the context of the huts nestled below the
towering cliffs and surrounded by the Adelie Penguin rookery that extends
high up the hillside.
Home | Louis
Bernacchi | Macquarie Island | Heard
Island | Geomagnetic Research | Ross
Sea Historic Huts | Significant Expeditions
Wildlife | Antarctic
Scenes | IceBreakers | Related
Sites | South Pole Base | Bibliography